2602, 2019

Verse 25: The Gifted and the Acquired

By |February 26th, 2019|Blog, Philosophy|

We have already in passing commented upon in the last paragraph of the commentary to verse 24, to the two aspects of ʿaql, namely that which is gifted and that which is acquired. Gifted, naturally refers to that potentiality in man which is inherent and not acquired. It finds place in man as an act of Allah. The acquired aspect bears reference to the capacity of that substance—potentiality to rise and in the ultimate analysis to be emancipated through the process of purification. Exercising such ʿaql man has been required to ponder upon Creation and determine that which is the [...]

2502, 2019

Verse 24: Know Him do not Disown Him

By |February 25th, 2019|Blog, Philosophy|

The suggestion contained in verse 23 is now more explicitly given expression to. Man who has seen manifested the power of Allah should desist by a deliberate act of will to deny the Creator. Once again the verse exclaims the natural, the obvious reaction of the author 'glory be to the master.' Man who has been endowed with the priceless gift of ʿaql has to comprehend the virtues of the gift and through its exercise know his Creator. He should not by a deliberate act disown the Creator. The word ʿaql seems to be used in the two-fold meaning illustrated [...]

2202, 2019

Verse 23: Glory be to Allah

By |February 22nd, 2019|Blog, Philosophy|

In this verse we find, so to say, the culmination of the thought process of the preceding verses and the concepts contained in them. Commencing with the concept of ʿaql, we were guided to the concept of the existence of the Creator and the majesty of His power. The human intellect has been counselled, to ponder critically and precisely, without confusion, without tiring and without boredom into the whole subject of creation. The author then exclaims 'glory be to Allah the Creator.' It is spontaneous and gives expression to the feelings which arise out of an unfolding by the author [...]

2102, 2019

Verse 22: Ponder Critically

By |February 21st, 2019|Blog, Philosophy|

  We have seen that within every element of creation there is a motivating force referred to as 'power.' We have further seen, that the motivating force or power in the ultimate analysis is related back to the original attribute of power of the First Creation i.e. the energy provided for, and, or given by Allah. The author exhorts us to think seriously, critically and precisely on the secrets of this power. In other words, the thought process and approach required is that of a research scientist. An exhaustive and comprehensive inquiry is called for into the marvellous secrets and [...]

2002, 2019

Verse 21: The Pivot

By |February 20th, 2019|Blog, Philosophy|

The power of the Creator is the pivot, the focal point. We have already seen that atomic energy relates back to the atom. The enabling energy in the atom is the creation of Allah. The use of the word 'power' leads us to consider the philosophic notion, that the first created were endowed with three principal attributes, viz. life, knowledge and power. Life, in the sense of an extant living being, knowledge of itself and power or ability. In an earlier verse, we have seen that Allah 'empowers, designs and arranges.' The author in verse 21 intimates that, the 'power' [...]

1902, 2019

Verse 20: Acknowledge Your Master

By |February 19th, 2019|Blog, Philosophy|

Verse 20 completes the idea developed in the previous verse. It says that when through a consideration of the atom man has gained knowledge of the existence of the Creator and acknowledges His supremacy, then man must so preserve the state of his ʿaql that he is not led away or prevented from faithfully treading the glorious path leading towards perfection, by temptations or by a self-seeking disbeliever. This verse, though apparently complementary to verse 19, is in itself pregnant with serious thought and meaning. It says, 'when you know this you must acknowledge your master, the most high.' The [...]

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